The last post mentioned an architectural use of the Spanish verb salir: ‘‘En los edificios y otras cosas, sobresalir en parte de otro.’ The related saliente/salient has the similar sense of ‘projecting, springing out, sticking out.’ In old fortresses, each projecting portion was known as a salient. By extension, English has taken to using salient to mean ‘prominent, conspicuous, standing out.’
A lesser-known relative is consilience, which the Collins English Dictionary defines as ‘agreement between inductions drawn from different sets of data or from different academic disciplines.’ For example, listen to Michael Behe in The Edge of Evolution:
As philosopher William Whewell, who coined the term consilience, noted in the nineteenth century, “When an Induction, obtained from one class of facts, coincides with an Induction, obtained from another different class,” we can be very confident it is correct.
The Spanish equivalent of consilience is consiliencia, which you can read about at length in a Spanish-language Wikipedia article.
© 2012 Steven Schwartzman